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# How to find a good abacus school

How to select a good abacus and mental arithmetic education center? 作者：廖正輝 Author: David Liao 2005年04月21日 (Date: April 21, 2005) 許多人質疑在電腦化的時代，為何還要學習珠算（算盤）這古老的中華國粹呢？就如同有了汽車、飛機，人類為何還要慢跑、散步一樣的道理。「珠心算是數學之母」這句話即代表良好的珠心算學習，可奠定數學學科最好的基礎。而珠心算的學習意義，主要是培養學童正確、快速的計算能力，在學習過程中累積了耐力、毅力及確實的本質訓練。所以說珠心算的學習，對於學童的腦力開發具有不可忽視的價值。然而在坊間這麼多的珠心算教學中心，我們該如何做正確的抉擇呢？是純粹以價錢來考量嗎？或是以比賽得獎杯來比較呢？在這裏我們以專業的角度提供幾點意見給家長們參考： Many people question why we need to learn abacus such an old Chinese Quintessence while we are in computerized era? The reason is simple as why people still jogging, take a walk when we have vehicles and aircrafts? There is an old saying: Abacus and mental arithmetic is the mother of mathematics. It means accurate learning in abacus and mental arithmetic will create the best foundation for mathematics. Part of learning abacus and mental arithmetic is to train children the capability of accurate and fast calculation. During the process, children will accumulate tolerance, accuracy and perseverance. It’s hard to ignore how learning abacus and mental arithmetic impact on brain development for children. However, there are so many abacus education centers around. How parents make a correct choice for their children? Based on the tuition fee? Or determined by the numbers of trophies the center got? Below we like to give our professional points for parents’references. （一）、先珠算後心算：在珠心算教學過程中，珠算是基礎，透過算盤的操作，讓學習者了解四則計算的變化及方法。隨著技巧的熟練，學習者腦中的影像逐漸建立，透過影像的模擬操作即產生心算的功能。簡言之，應先學習珠算，再學習心算。許多坊間心算班，強調不用算盤，或用手指比出答案，並不是正確的學習方法，在學習過程中容易有算癖及其他學習障礙產生。 （一）、Learn abacus arithmetic before mental arithmetic: During the abacus and mental arithmetic teaching process, abacus arithmetic is the foundation. By operating abacus, students understand the arithmetic calculation and its method. After learners getting familiar to the skill, they visualize the calculation in their mind. Then, through visualized operation, the mental arithmetic function been created. Briefly speaking, learning sequences are: abacus arithmetic first and mental arithmetic later. Many abacus centers emphasis on finger movement calculation before abacus arithmetic. It’s not an accurate way of learning abacus. Lacking of rigid foundation (abacus arithmetic), will create barriers during learning other subjects and to cultivate “calculation fault”easily. （二）、加減乘除全面學習：珠心算的教學進度應是全面性的。包括三大部份： （二）、Comprehensive learning on addition/subtraction/multiplication/division: Teaching schedule of abacus and mental arithmetic calculation should be comprehensive. It includes three parts:

• 看加減算，看乘算，看除算

• 看加減心算、看乘心算、看除心算

• 唸加減算、唸乘算、唸除算。

• View abacus addition/subtraction, view abacus multiplication, view abacus division

• View mental addition/subtraction, view mental multiplication, view mental division

• 珠算與心算同時列入比賽項目

• 程度不宜太低，最少珠心算應在六級以上試題

• 時間不宜過短（容易流於寫數字比賽）至少每科目三分鐘以上

• 得獎率不宜百分之百。

• Abacus arithmetic and mental arithmetic are both in the competition.

• Level of competition can’t be too low. Exam shall be at least or above abacusand mental arithmetic level 6

• Time can’t be too short as it will become number writing competition.Each subject takes at least 3 min or more.

• Awarding ratio can’t be 100%.